town of Tryavna first became a regional centre as early as XVIII century
although earlier records, which indicate human settlement in Tryavna can be
traced back to Thracian times. By the end of the 19th century, Tryavna had
become the region’s main cultural and industrial centre and was heavily
involved in the development of crafts during the Bulgarian Renaissance period.This resulted not only to economic prosperity, but also to the creation of theTryavna
School - one Bulgaria’s oldest institutions of Art Tradition. Since
that time, the work of Tryavna artists has become popular throughout the
Ottoman Empire, Romania, Serbia and Russia.
Following Bulgaria’s independence in 1878, the Municipality started woolen textile
manufacture and the first factory was opened in 1883. During the first half of the 20th C. a number of other types of industry were created, including the production of
furniture, woodworking and textiles.The development of tourism started in the early
1920’s in Tryavna and Plachkovtsi and today there are a
total of 1250 beds. Tryavna also enjoys a moderate and healthy climate, (cool
summers and mild winters) which resulted in a Sanatorium for Lung and
Respiratory diseases being built in 1944.
The historical and architectural reservation in Tryavna is among its main
attractions. Some of the best examples of buildings from the Bulgarian
Renaissance period have been well preserved. The seven museum collections
contain unique pieces of art from the late medieval period, such as icons and
woodcarvings.The town of Tryavna has preserved its old town square, the only one left in the
country, which has been proclaimed as a Monument of Architecture.